Research and Reviews


  1. Courtemanche, Charles, Art Carden, Murugi Ndirangu, and Xilin Zhou. 2019. Do Walmart Supercenters Improve Food Security? Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy 41(2):177-198.
  2. Magness, Phillip W., Art Carden, and Vincent Geloso. 2019. James M. Buchanan and the Political Economy of DesegregationSouthern Economic Journal 85(3):715-741.
  3. Jackson, Jeremy J., Ryan A. Compton, and Art Carden. 2015. Economic Freedom and Social CapitalApplied Economics 47(54):5853-5867.
  4. Courtemanche, Charles and Art Carden. 2014. Competing with Costco and Sam’s Club: Warehouse Club Entry and Grocery PricesSouthern Economic Journal 80(3):565-585.
  5. Carden, Art and Christopher J. Coyne. 2013. The Political Economy of the Reconstruction-Era Race RiotsPublic Choice 157:57-71.
  6. Carden, Art. 2013. Economic Calculation in the Environmentalist Commonwealth. Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics 16(1):27-44.
  7. Carden, Art and Harvey S. James, Jr. 2013. Time Under Autocratic Rule and Economic GrowthContemporary Economic Policy 31(1):44-61.
  8. Butgereit, Brent and Art Carden. 2011. Capitalism, Socialism, and Calculation. Economic Affairs 31(3):41-45.
  9. Courtemanche, Charles and Art Carden. 2011. Supersizing Supercenters? The Impact of Wal-Mart Supercenters on Body Mass Index and ObesityJournal of Urban Economics 69(2):165-181.
  10. Carden, Art. 2011. Economic Progress and Entrepreneurial Innovation: Case Studies from MemphisSouthern Journal of Entrepreneurship 4(1):36-48.
  11. Carden, Art and Robert A. Lawson. 2010. Human Rights and Economic Liberalization. Business and Politics 12(2): Article 2.
  12. Carden, Art and Lisa Verdon. 2010. When is Corruption a Substitute for Economic Freedom? Law & Development Review 3(1): Article 2.
  13. Carden, Art and Mike Hammock. 2010. The Truthiness HurtsEconomic Affairs 30(2):71-76.
  14. Carden, Art and Josh Hall. 2010. Why Are Some Places Rich While Others Are Poor? The Institutional Necessity of Economic FreedomEconomic Affairs 30(1):48-54.
  15. Carden, Art. 2009. Profit and ProductionQuarterly Journal of Austrian Economics12(2):13-26.
  16. Carden, Art. 2009. Can’t Buy Me Growth: On Foreign Aid and Economic Change. Journal of Private Enterprise 25(1):105-123.
  17. Carden, Art and Charles Courtemanche. 2009. Wal-Mart, Leisure, and Culture. Contemporary Economic Policy 27(4):450-461.
  18. Carden, Art. 2009. A Note on Profit, Loss, and Social ResponsibilityNew Perspectives on Political Economy 5(1):1-8.
  19. Carden, Art, Charles Courtemanche, and Jeremy Meiners. 2009. Painting the Town Red? Wal-Mart and ValuesBusiness and Politics 11(2): Article 5.
  20. Carden, Art. 2009. Sound and Fury: Rhetoric and Rebound after KatrinaJournal of Business Valuation and Economic Loss Analysis 4(2): Article 2.
  21. Carden, Art. 2009. Inputs and Institutions as Conservative ElementsReview of Austrian Economics 22(1):1-19.
  22. Carden, Art, Charles Courtemanche, and Jeremy Meiners. 2009. Does Wal-Mart Reduce Social Capital? Public Choice 138:109-136.
  23. Carden, Art. 2008. Commerce and Culture in the Global EconomyJournal of Interdisciplinary Studies 20:21-36.
  24. Carden, Art. 2008. Beliefs, Bias, and Regime Uncertainty after Hurricane Katrina. International Journal of Social Economics 35(7):531-545.
  25. Carden, Art. 2007. Christian Ethics, Formal Institutions, and Economic Growth. American Review of Political Economy 5(1):34-53.
  26. Block, Walter, Art Carden and Stephen W. Carson. 2006. Ex ante and ex post: What Does Rod Stewart Really Know Now? Business and Society Review 111(4):427-440.


  1. Carden, Art. 2019. Is Low Growth a “New Normal?” in Steven Globerman, contributing editor. The Costs of Slow Economic Growth. Vancouver: Fraser Institute, pp. 42-56.
  2. Carden, Art. 2019. A Curse on (Intelligent) Machines?, in Steven Globerman, Contributing editor, Technology, Automation and Employment. Vancouver: Fraser Institute, pp. 1-14.
  3. Carden, Art and Deirdre Nansen McCloskey. 2018. The Bourgeois Deal: Leave Me Alone and I’ll Make You Rich, in Steven Globerman and Jason Clemens, eds. Demographics and Entrepreneurship: Mitigating the Effects of an Aging Population. Vancouver: Fraser Institute, pp. 429-466.
  4. Carden, Art. 2018. “There’s a New Mexico?” On The Fiscal Case Against Statehood. Journal of Prices and Markets 6(1):11-15.
  5. Carden, Art and Charles Courtemanche. 2016. The Evolution and Impact of the General Merchandise Sector, in Emek Basker, ed., Handbook of the Economics of Retailing and Distribution. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, pp. 413-432.
  6. Carden, Art and Deirdre N. McCloskey. 2016. If We Keep Our Ethical Wits, We Can See Over into a Great EnrichmentIndependent Review 20(3):353-356.
  7. Carden, Art. 2015. Economic Possibilities for Our Grandchildren: Unleashing the Invisible Hand in Alabama, in Improving Lives in Alabama: A Vision for Economic Freedom and Prosperity. Troy, AL: Manuel H. Johnson Center for Political Economy.
  8. Carden, Art. 2015. Rules and Rhetoric: Liberty, Dignity, and Economic Growth, in Karl Wennberg, Mikolaj Norek, and Nils Karlsson, eds., Virtues and Entrepreneurship. Stockholm: Ratio Institute.
  9. Carden, Art. 2015. Serenity and System in Smith and Hayek. In Charlotte Thomas, ed. Of Sympathy and Selfishness: The Moral and Political Philosophy of Adam Smith. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press.
  10. Carden, Art. 2014. What Should Austrian Economists Do? On Dolan on the Austrian Paradigm in Environmental Economics. Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics 17(2):218-223.
  11. Carden, Art. 2014. A Pile of Krusty Burgers Embiggens the Fattest Man: Obesity, Incentives, and Unintended Consequences in “King-Size Homer,” in Joshua Hall, ed. Homer Economicus: The Simpsons and Economics. Stanford: Stanford University Press, pp. 29-39.
  12. Carden, Art. 2014. “The Sources of Order and Disorder”: On Knowledge and Coordination. Studies in Emergent Order 7:8-14.
  13. Hammock, Michael R. and Art Carden. 2014. Bo knows property rights and futures markets: economics in Trading Places, in Franklin G. Mixon, Jr. and Richard J. Cebula, eds. New Developments in Economic Education. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, pp. 46-52.
  14. Hammock, Michael R. and Art Carden. 2014. The black market and the silver screen: economics in The Third Man, in Franklin G. Mixon, Jr. and Richard J. Cebula, eds. New Developments in Economic Education. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, pp.140-147.
  15. Carden, Art. 2013. Retail Innovations in American Economic History: The Rise of Mass-Market MerchandisersRoutledge Handbook of Major Events in Economic History. Randall E. Parker and Robert Whaples, eds. London: Routledge, pp. 402-414.
  16. Carden, Art and Joshua C. Hall. 2012. Specific Tax and Subsidy Reforms to Promote Economic Progress in Tennessee, in J.R. Clark, ed. Freedom and Prosperity in Tennessee. Chattanooga: Scott L. Probasco Chair, pp. 89-97.
  17. Carden, Art. 2012. Regulatory Reforms and Prospects for Growth, in J.R. Clark, ed.Freedom and Prosperity in Tennessee. Chattanooga: Scott L. Probasco Chair, pp. 141-153.
  18. Carden, Art. 2012. Welfare Reform and Incentives to Work in Tennessee, in J.R. Clark, ed.Freedom and Prosperity in Tennessee. Chattanooga: Scott L. Probasco Chair, pp. 175-188.
  19. Carden, Art and Justin Owen. 2012. Court Reform: “Competition in the Courtroom,” in J.R. Clark, ed. Freedom and Prosperity in Tennessee. Chattanooga: Scott L. Probasco Chair, pp.-211-221.
  20. Carden, Art. 2012. The Southern Economy, in Charles S. Bullock III and Mark J. Rozell, eds. Oxford Handbook of Southern Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 103-132.
  21. Keeling, Shannon and Art Carden. 2011. Recovery After Disasters: New Orleans, Paris, and MemphisStudies in Emergent Order 4:31-39.
  22. Carden, Art. 2010. The Economics of “Certaine Lewd and Ill-Disposed Persons”: Comment on Leeson. Review of Austrian Economics 23(3):287-292.
  23. Carden, Art. 2008. North, Douglass. International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, ed. William A. Darity, Jr., Vol. 5, 2nd ed. Detroit: MacMillan Reference USA, 2008, pp. 538-539.
  24. Anderson, Jerrod F. and Art Carden. 2008. First Tennessee Bank. Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture (online: 2008).
  25. Carden, Art. 2008. J.R. ‘Pitt’ Hyde, III. Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture (online).
  26. Carden, Art. 2008. Frederick W. Smith. Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture (online).
  27. Carden, Art. 2005. The Market’s Benevolent Tendencies, in Nicholas Capaldi (ed.), Business and Religion: A Clash of Civilizations? Salem, MA: M.M. Scrivener Press: 55-64.


  1. Carden, Art. 2019. Eudaimonic Business. Review of James R. Otteson, Honorable Business: A Framework for Business in a Just and Humane Society. Regulation 42(3):58-59.
  2. Carden, Art. 2019. Cereals and the State. Review of James C. Scott, Against the Grain: A Deep History of the Earliest States. Regulation. 42(3):71-72.
  3. Carden, Art. 2019. Incentives in the University. Review of Jason Brennan and Phillip W. Magness, Cracks in the Ivory Tower. Regulation 42(2):72-73.
  4. Carden, Art. 2018. A Captivating, Frustrating ‘Grand Bargain’? Review of Marcellus Andrews, The Vision of a Real Free Market Society: Re-Imagining American Freedom. Regulation 41(2):72-74.
  5. Carden, Art. 2017-18. Buchanan’s Big Idea: Review of Richard E. Wagner, James M. Buchanan and Liberal Political Economy: A Rational Reconstruction. Regulation 40(4):61-62.
  6. Carden, Art and Phillip W. Magness. 2017. Buchanan the Evil Genius: Review of Nancy MacLean, Democracy in Chains. Regulation 40(3):60-64.
  7. Carden, Art. 2017. Review of Thomas Leonard, Illiberal Reformers. Cato Journal 37(3):577-580.
  8. Carden, Art. 2017. Bootleggers and Coffee-Haters: Review of Calestous Juma, Innovation and Its Enemies. Regulation 40(2):47-48.
  9. Carden, Art. 2016. A New Bet? Review of John A. Mathews, Greening of Capitalism. Regulation. 39(3):44-46.
  10. Carden, Art. 2016. Sowell’s Greatest Hits, Remixed. Review of Thomas Sowell, Wealth, Poverty, and Politics: An International Perspective. Regulation 39(1):52-53.
  11. Carden, Art. 2016. Not Feeling Much Bern: Review of James Otteson, The End of Socialism. Regulation 39(1):58-60.
  12. Carden, Art. 2016. Review of Vicki Howard, From Main Street to Mall. EH.Net. January 4, 2016.
  13. Carden, Art. 2015. Good Names and Great Riches: Review of Gregory Clark, The Son Also RisesRegulation 38(1):47-48.
  14. Carden, Art. 2015. Review of Adam Smith and Bruce YandleBootleggers and Baptists.Independent Review 19(3):455-458.
  15. Carden, Art. 2014. The Man of System’s Fatal Conceit: Review of William EasterlyThe Tyranny of ExpertsRegulation 37(2):73-74.
  16. Carden, Art. 2013-2014. Education as an Emergent Phenomenon: Review of Pauline Dixon, International Aid and Private Schools for the PoorRegulation 36(4):60-61.
  17. Carden, Art. 2013. Review of Michael HuemerThe Problem of Political Authority.Regulation 36(3):57-58.
  18. Carden, Art. 2013. Review of Douglas W. AllenThe Institutional RevolutionPublic Choice156(3):751-752.
  19. Carden, Art. 2012. Review of Nicholas Capaldi and Gordon Lloyd, eds. The Two Narratives of Political EconomyConversations on Philanthropy 9:168-171.
  20. Carden, Art. 2011. Review of Bethany Moreton, To Serve God and Wal-Mart: The Making of Christian Free EnterpriseEconomic Affairs 31(3):68-70.
  21. Carden, Art. 2010. Review of Emily Chamlee-Wright, The Cultural and Political Economy of Recovery: Social Learning in a Post-Disaster EnvironmentPublic Choice 145(3-4):581-583.
  22. Carden, Art. 2010. Review of Randall Holcombe, Entrepreneurship and Economic ProgressEconomic Affairs 30(1):110-112.
  23. Carden, Art. 2010. Review of Jennifer Burns, Goddess of the Market: Ayn Rand and the American RightEconomic Affairs 30(2):93-94.
  24. Carden, Art. 2010. Review of Nelson Lichtenstein, The Retail Revolution: How Wal-Mart Created a Brave New World of Business. Economic History Services (EH.Net, January 7, 2010).
  25. Carden, Art. 2009. Review of Nelson Lichtenstein, ed. Wal-Mart: The Face of Twenty-First Century CapitalismEconomic Affairs 29(4):106-108.
  26. Carden, Art. 2009. Review of Michael Heller, The Gridlock Economy: How Too Much Ownership Wrecks Markets, Stops Innovation, and Costs LivesThe Freeman: Ideas on Liberty 59(7):51-52.
  27. Carden, Art. 2009. Shock and Awe: Institutional Change, Neoliberalism, and Disaster Capitalism. Journal of Lutheran Ethics 9(6, online, Review Essay on Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine).
  28. Carden, Art. 2009. Review of Donald R. Stabile, The Living Wage: Lessons from the History of Economic Thought. Economic History Services (, July 16, 2009).
  29. Carden, Art. 2009. Review of Tyler Cowen, Discover Your Inner EconomistJournal of Economics 35(1):74-77.
  30. Carden, Art. 2009. Review of Stephen T. Ziliak and Deirdre N. McCloskey, The Cult of Statistical Significance: How the Standard Error Costs us Jobs, Justice, and Lives.Economic Affairs 29(1):104-106.
  31. Carden, Art. 2008. Review of C.K. Prahalad, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid: Eradicating Poverty Through ProfitsEconomic Affairs 28(4):89-91.
  32. Carden, Art. 2008. Review of Benjamin Powell (ed), Making Poor Nations RichReview of Austrian Economics 21:355-359.
  33. Carden, Art and Mike Hammock.  2008.  Review of Bryan Caplan, The Myth of the Rational Voter.  Journal of Economics 36(1):95-100.
  34. Carden, Art. 2008. Review of Thomas Sowell, Economic Facts and FallaciesFaith & Economics 52:85-89.
  35. Carden, Art. 2007. Review of Richard Vedder and Wendell Cox, The Wal-Mart Revolution.Economic Affairs 27(4):87-88.

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